The Planetary Aspects
Health Research reprint comb-bound 8. Fourth Weiser printing sold as third 9. Fifth Weiser printing sold as fourth Kessinger Publishing print-on-demand reprint Astrology Classics reprint By my reckoning that makes it a common book with many thousands of copies in print. His translation came after that of Whalley but predated that of Ashmand.
Unlike his Dictionary of Astrology, however, his translation of Ptolemy is very scarce. I am raising issues of what I believe to be principles of systematic coherence as well as history. In the section on Aspects, Ring mentions the 15 degree, 75 degree, degree and degree aspects together on p. I quote:. Then on p. Therefore I at this stage have serious doubts that Ring ever used the term or would in any way have sanctioned it.
Clearly Ring was already advocating the importance of the degree aspect in There are quite a few on the used book marketplace.
So far the earliest reference I can find to the use of the term quindecile to mean degrees is Tyl See pp. This is the fifteenth harmonic, the third of the fifth or the fifth of the third.
Figure 60 shows the aspect angles involved. Nomenclature is not an issue here. Addey does not go into names for the aspects much at all, preferring to refer to them in descriptive long-hand in relation to their place in harmonic theory. Otherwise he is only concerned with studying them in practice. I have just been refreshing my memory of the work of David Hamblin and Delphine Jay on the harmonics. They both treat of the fifteenth harmonic and accord it significance. Whereas Hamblin, like Addey before him, is content to give a purely narrative description of each aspect in terms of harmonic theory e.
This is an unfortunate state of affairs in my opinion that can only serve to cause confusion. That such an impression may have been obtained, alas, is part of the inherent drawback of the duplication of names. So long as there are advocates of harmonic theory, the 15th harmonic aspect will be used, and the quindecile is the logical name for it.
If you are looking from this issue as a past student of Noel Tyl, then of course that will be your primary source of reference. But while I admire him very much in many ways, Noel Tyl is not representative of the only major current in modern astrological thinking with regard to the harmonics and minor aspects. Another important 20th century source predating Delphine Jay by several decades that addresses the quindecile is:. Further, the earlier continuity of the tradition at least on the level of nomenclature through the late 19th century in England is demonstrated in:.
I quote from p. All these aspects were invented by Kepler, and their influence is undeniable, with the exception of the vigintile, quindecile, and the tredecile, which require confirmation.
So Pearce, who was quite a traditionalist, was perhaps a natural sceptic towards novel ideas but nonetheless open-minded, whereas Llewellyn George seems for his part to have been more openly sold on the utility of the quindecile in interpretation. Aiton, A. Duncan and J. Field, American Philosophical Society, He also includes two others in error, as the editors note in their footnote. I do not have the presumed German original unless it was Latin — I confess I do not know , but it seems clear that if the reference made was to a figure that the translators have called a pentekaidecagon, Wilson was not being unreasonable to transpose this in astrological lingo to quindecile, if indeed he is the earliest source of the English language version, which remains to be proven.
On this basis, it could be argued that the th harmonic aspects e. This argument fails in my opinion, since the greater the circle division factor, the more major and minor aspects will fit into its pattern, but you are also introducing aspects that are more and more absurdly minor for each further division, and it should be the importance of these base aspects which cannot be derived from a simpler division of the circle that is the standard by which to judge the circle divisor, and not the number of multiples of these aspects that can equally be obtained readily from a simpler division of the circle.
What Tyl did was to discover it for himself, then conduct his own research, and re-present it to the English speaking marketplace. These ideas have been out there all along in books from the early 20th century. Some people just have a keen eye for marketing in my humble opinion. These and these alone are the aspects by which this division should be judged. The multiples of the same base aspect that can be derived more simply are completely immaterial in assessing the base aspect per se and its multiples that can only be derived from a minimum of the circle division factor that was applied in this case 24 to obtain it.
For every additional divisor from the whole circle, an aspect becomes naturally more minor by its nature. Kepler did not believe that the quintile and biquintile were less important than the semisquare and sesquiquare. This no doubt in part because Kepler mentioned the latter but not the former. This brings us into the later 20th century and the harmonic astrologers.
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They are not limited by the limitations imposed by Kepler, since they have taken harmonic theory to a new level of enquiry. The table above does, on the whole, confirm these expectations: Uranus and Pluto are in 5th harmonic aspect from - , the start of World War I, from to , the start of World War II, and from to , which is when the Iraq War and the massive war on terrorism was initiated by the United States, triggered by the destruction of the twin towers in New York City on September 11, Hopefully the period of to is one in which traditional cultures, ancient wisdom, discipline, respect, and honor will spread throughout the world faster than it is at the current time.
The calculations to obtain the data in this article were performed with Kepler software , of which I am one of the developers. With the power of modern computer software, we can assemble information and analyze it in a way that was never before possible in history.
Without this computing power, I would not have been able to assemble the information needed for this article and to analyze it in a reasonable amount of time. I hope that this article has intrigued you, and demonstrated that "minor aspects" may not be so minor after all, and may, in fact, be a key to being able to give more precise and accurate astrological interpretations. David Cochrane is the author of the Kepler astrology software, author of 2 astrology books, well known for his innovative work in harmonics, degree meanings, and other areas of astrology, co-founder of the Avalon School of Astrology, and past President of ISAR.
This article first appeared in Japanese on the website www. David can be reached at e-mail address kepler AstroSoftware.
Go back to Article Page. If you were born in the 50's, 70's, or early 80's, Neptune and Pluto are in sextile aspect. Neptune and Pluto stayed in sextile aspect for decades! This occurred from to , and again from to The sextile aspect causes the two planets to interact in a smooth and harmonious way similar to the trine aspect, so we can interpret this sextile aspect as creating a smooth and harmonious inner drive and compulsion Pluto to achieve our ideals Neptune.
Interestingly, using the small orb of 1 degree, Neptune and Pluto were not in the very pleasant sextile aspect during the 's. The 60's were a time of wild and crazy activity. In the USA there were race riots, war protests, and the hippie movement in the 60's, that fizzled out when the 70's began. This is also when Neptune and Pluto moved back into sextile aspect. Is this a coincidence? I think not. Most astrologers also interpret the semisextile 30 degrees and the quincunx degrees.
Some astrologers also interpret the semisquare 45 degrees and the sesquiquadate degrees. There are some astrologers who also interpret additional aspects, and these aspects are generally referred to as minor aspects.ciasmalerscap.ga
Minor aspect, major impact |
I am one of those astrologers who uses the additional aspects; the theory for using these aspects was developed by British astrologer John Addey. Using Addey? According to harmonic theory, the larger the denominator of the fraction, the smaller the orb that is used. When the angle between Neptune and Pluto increased to
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